Derin Beyin Stimülasyonu
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a surgical technique used in the treatment of neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, tremor, dystonia, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. This procedure involves sending electrical stimulation to the brain through thin electrodes implanted in the brain.
The primary goal of DBS is to regulate brain activity, modulate abnormal neural transmissions, and reduce or control symptoms. DBS treatment is typically performed in two stages. In the first stage, a surgery is performed to precisely place the electrodes into the brain. In the second stage, a device similar to a battery (pulse generator) is implanted under the skin, connected to the electrodes. This device delivers programmed electrical stimulation to the brain at regular intervals. DBS treatment is personalized based on each patient’s individual condition. Factors such as the brain regions where the electrodes are placed, the frequency, intensity, and duration of the electrical stimulation are determined according to the patient’s specific needs and response to treatment.
DBS treatment is generally effective in controlling symptoms. It can help reduce tremors, stiffness, and motor control issues in individuals with Parkinson’s disease. In cases of dystonia, it may contribute to the reduction of muscle spasms and abnormal movements. For obsessive-compulsive disorder, it can have an impact on obsessions and compulsions.
Although DBS treatment is generally well-tolerated, it carries certain risks due to its surgical nature. These risks include infection, brain damage, bleeding, electrode movement, or breakage. However, DBS treatment often significantly improves patients’ quality of life.
DBS treatment should be managed by a multidisciplinary healthcare team and evaluated based on the individual patient’s condition. Patients should have detailed discussions with their doctors to understand their expectations from the treatment.