Surgical Treatment of Spine Deformities
Spinal deformities refer to conditions that cause abnormalities or shape distortions in the natural curves of the spine. These deformities can occur in different types, such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis, and they can have various underlying causes.
Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine curves sideways. Kyphosis refers to an excessive forward curvature of the upper back. Lordosis is the excessive backward curvature of the lower back. These deformities can affect the balance and functionality of the spine and may lead to symptoms such as pain, postural abnormalities, and limited mobility.
The surgical treatment of spinal deformities is planned based on the severity of the deformity, symptoms, and the patient’s age. Surgical intervention aims to correct the deformity, restore spinal balance, and alleviate symptoms. Different techniques can be used to straighten and stabilize the spine. Spinal fusion is a method used to fuse the affected segments of the spine together. In this procedure, metal implants are used to correct the deformity. Additional procedures such as osteotomy (bone cutting) may be performed to achieve spinal alignment and balance.
The surgical treatment of spinal deformities includes the postoperative rehabilitation process. Physical therapy and exercise programs can help patients strengthen their spines and improve their mobility.